Wednesday, June 5, 2019

Theories of nursing

Theories of breast feedingHLTEN508B Apply reflective practice, critical thinking and analysis in health.Pre-unit reading and eagernessNursing theorists and theoriesHenderson The Nature of Nursing ModelIntroduced The Nature of Nursing Model. She identified fourteen basic needs.She proposed that role of the nurse is to assist the patients during when they are sick or well, in convalescence and rehabilitation.She believed that nursing involves assisting the client in gaining license as quickly as possible or assisting them to achieve peaceful death if recovery is no longer possible ( a priori Foundations of Nursing, 2014).Roper A Model for Nursing Based on a Model of LivingThis model incorporates a action span approach, where the characteristics of the person are considered with respect to prior development, current take of development, and likely future development.In combination with the life span approach an independence/dependence category used.The model then incorporates a set of twelve activities of living (ADLs), which represent activities engaged in by souls whether sick or well.Orem Self-Care famine TheoryDefined nursing as The act of assisting others in the provision and management of self-care to maintain/improve human functioning at home level of effectiveness. (Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, 2014).Focuses on activities that adult individuals perform on their own behalf to maintain life, health and well-being.Has a strong health promotion and focus.Identified 3 related concepts Self-care, health and Nursing SystemPeplau Theory of Inter in the flesh(predicate) RelationsDefined nursing as An interpersonal process of therapeutic interactions between an Individual who is sick or in need of health services and a nurse especially educated to recognize, respond to the need for help (Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, 2014).Nursing is a maturing force and an instructive instrumentIdentified 4 phases of the throw Patient relationshipWatso n The ism and Science of CaringNursing is concerned with promotion health, preventing illness, compassionate for the sick, and restoring health.She defined lovingness as a nurturing way or responding the needs of a client. Caring accepts the person as what he/she may become in a caring environment (Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, 2014).Abdellah Twenty One Nursing ProblemsEstablished 21 problem areas to guide care and promote the use of nursing judgement.Introduced Patient C take parted Approaches to nursing modelShe defined nursing as service to individual and families therefore the purchase order. Furthermore, she theorized nursing as an art and a science that moulds the attitudes, intellectual competencies and technical skills of the individual nurse into the desire and ability to help people, sick or well, and cope with their health needs (Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, 2014).Explain the difference between a theory and a model? A theory is a group of related conce pts that propose action that guide practice. Theories are composed of concepts, definitions, models, propositions and are ground on assumptions. Whereas models, are representations that allow the concepts in nursing theory to be successfully applied to nursing practice. They may demonstrate how theory can be introduced into practice, for example, through the special(prenominal) methods of assessment.What are the common themes in nursing theorists views on caring? Four concepts common in nursing theory that influence and consider nursing practice areThe person (patient)The environmentHealthNursing (goals, roles, functions)What are the age and gender issues facing nurses today?Nursing in a male-dominated worldNursing is dominated by females and if often regarded as an oppressed profession. This gendered hierarchy of women in lower roles emphasizes male domination and marginalization of women in society (Cordon, 2014). The unequal power balance between physicians and nurses has resu lted in nurses lacking the confidence to question doctors decisions and not speaking up in the workplace. Reason for this includes fearing conflict and unders centre of attention (Cordon, 2014).Gender discriminationNursing, in the past, has been seen as womens work because it is a caregiver role. Due to this, men who enter nursing may face with barriers and discrimination. For example, men who enter the nursing profession may be perceived as more feminine. mannish nurses may face the perception that they are gay (Cordon, 2014).Male nursing students or graduate nurses may also have less male role models in the profession as it is largely dominated by females. While both men and women in the nursing profession can be excellent clinical mentors, the male nurse may have near issues that he cannot comfortably discuss with female colleagues (Cordon, 2014).In the field of health define the following terms a) Best practice Refers to nursing practices that are based on the best evidence available from nursing research. The goal of best practices is to apply the most recent, relevant, and helpful nursing interventions, based on research, in real-life practice. b) Philosophy The philosophy of healthcare is the study of ethics, processes and people which establish the maintenance of the health for human beings. c) Vision An aspirational description of what an organization would like to achieve or gain in future. d) Mission statement A formal summary of the aims and values of an organization, or individual.How do the following Professional Standards of Practice apply to you as an Enrolled Nurse? a) ANMC code of conduct These are the principles guiding behaviour between colleagues, between staff and those receiving care. The Department of Health places high importance on maintaining patient confidentiality and protect privacy and as enrolled nurses we must follow these standards to ensure that all sensitive documents including patients case notes are stored in a saf e and secure area and discussions of personal information about clients/patients do not occur. b) ANMC code of ethics It is essential and important, as enrolled nurses, to ensure that the relationship between a patient/client and a health professional is safe, helpful and therapeutic and is always within professional boundaries as determined by the Code of Ethics. Standards include identifying the fundamental moral commitments of the profession, reprimand on ethical conduct for professional and self-development and ethical practice.c) ANMC national Enrolled/Division 2 nurse competency standards The national competency standards for the enrolled nurse are the core competency standards by which your performance may be assessed to retain your license to practice as an enrolled nurse in Australia. As an enrolled nurse, these core competency standards get out you with the framework for assessing your competence. d) State/Territory Nurse Regulatory Nurses Act The state and territory nur sing and midwifery authorities (NMRAs) to produce national standards an constitutional divisor of the regulatory framework to help enrolled nurses and midwives deliver safe and sufficient care. It also keeps the public safe by ensuring the services they will receive are from competent nurses. e) State/Territory Nursing and Midwifery Regulatory Authority Standards of Practice The state and territory nursing and midwifery authorities (NMRAs) to produce national standards an integral component of the regulatory framework to help enrolled nurses and midwives deliver safe and competent care. f) Scope of Practice decision making framework The Nursing and Midwifery wit of Australia (NMBA) has endorsed national decision-making frameworks for both nurses and midwives. As enrolled nurses, these two flowcharts will assist us in our professional decision making through a structured and transparent process. It also provides us with and an evidence-based process (approved by the regulatory authority) in our decision-making that we may use in support/defence of our decisions should we be required to provide it. honorable mentioni. Theoretical Foundations of NursingVirginia HendersonBibliography Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, (2014). Virginia Henderson. online on hand(predicate) at http// Accessed 15 Jul. 2014.ii. Theoretical Foundations of NursingDorothea E. Orem Bibliography Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, (2014). Dorothea E. Orem. online Available at http// Accessed 15 Jul. 2014.iii. Theoretical Foundations of NursingHildegard E. Peplau Bibliography Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, (2014). Hildegard E. Peplau. online Available at http// Accessed 15 Jul. 2014.iv. Theoretical Foundations of NursingJean Watson Bibliography Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, (2014). Jean Watson. online Available at http//nursing Accessed 15 Jul. 2014.v. Theoretical Foundations of NursingFaye G. Abdellah Bibliography Theoretical Foundations of Nursing, (2014). Faye G. Abdellah. online Available at http// Accessed 15 Jul. Cordon, C.Structural Inequality and Diversity in Nursing minority NurseBibliography Cordon, C. (2014). Structural Inequality and Diversity in Nursing Minority Nurse. online Available at http// Accessed 15 Jul. 2014.Tabbners Nursing Care Theory and Practice Tabbners Nursing Care 5th Edition Rita Funnell, Gabrielle Koutoukidis, Karen Lawrence (2009)

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